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Table 2 Univariate comparison of selected predictors between supplement users with their non-using counterparts

From: Prevalence of supplement use in recreationally active Kazakhstan university students

  Supplement users Supplement non-users p
N (%) 151 (29) 375 (71)
Male sex, N (%) 61 (40) 133 (35) 0.32
Age, years 20.3 ± 1.8 19.8 ± 1.4 0.004
Living with parents, N (%) 13 (9) 48 (13) 0.228
Income 51,000 tenge and more 45 (30) 81 (22) 0.055
Income 101,000 tenge and more 20 (13) 16 (4) 0.001
Daily smoking, N (%) 24 (16) 35 (9) 0.046
Waterpipe ever smoking, N (%) 55 (36) 119 (32) 0.307
Electronic cigarette regular use, N (%) 24 (16) 18 (5) 0.001
Snuss ever use, N (%) 24 (16) 19 (5) 0.001
Never alcohol drinking, N (%) 93 (62) 262 (70) 0.083
Strictly following daily routine, N (%) 65 (43) 96 (26) 0.001
Sleep 8 h and more daily, N (%) 63 (42) 99 (26) 0.001
No daytime sleepiness, N (%) 69 (46) 99 (26) 0.001
Use of fitness tracker, N (%) 78 (52) 44 (12) 0.001
Low fat and cholesterol diet, N (%) 107 (71) 192 (51) 0.001
Limited sugar, cakes and soda diet, N (%) 103 (68) 167 (45) 0.001
Daily fruit consumption, N (%) 107 (71) 202 (54) 0.001
Daily vegetables consumption, N (%) 105 (70) 198 (53) 0.001
Daily diary products consumption, N (%) 93 (62) 175 (47) 0.002
Individual goal in sport
Part of my healthy lifestyle 7 (5) 168 (45) 0.001
Losing or maintaining lower weight 82 (54) 89 (24) 0.001
Gaining weight or muscle mass 13 (9) 26 (7) 0.581
Improving my mood 12 (8) 38 (10) 0.513
Coping with stress 5 (3) 10 (3) 0.773
Moving towards professional sport career 7 (5) 10 (3) 0.278
Making new friends 7 (5) 2 (1) 0.003