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Table 1 Selected studies on the effects of ginseng in exercise and sports

From: Herbal medicine for sports: a review

Study Population Dose Period Results
Forgo and Kirchdofer [28] 30 elite young athletes 200 mg/day of standardized ginseng extract, 4% or 7% ginsenoside content 9 weeks ↑ Aerobic capacity ↓ Lactate production, heart rate
McNaughton et al. [29] 30 subjects (15 females, 15 males) 1 g/day Chinese ginseng, Siberian ginseng or placebo 6 weeks ↑Maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) ↑pectoral and quadriceps strength
Van Schepdael [30] 3 female triathletes aged 24 to 36 years old 400 mg/day ginseng extract 20 weeks ↑↑ Running time
Kim et al. [19] 7 healthy male adults untrained 6 g of Panax ginseng extract or placebo (3 time per day) 8 weeks ↑Cardio respiratory function ↓Lactate ↑Physical performance
Liang et al. [31] 29 untrained adults (age 20 to 30 years old) 1.35 mg/day Panax ginseng or placebo 30 days ↓Endurance running time
Ooiet al. [10] 8 male cyclists 0.1 mg of Eurycoma per 100 ml of drink or placebo drink During exercise Ø Cycling endurance performance
Hamzah and Yusof [25] 14 healthy men 150 mg of Eurycoma 5 weeks ↑ Muscle strength
Muhamad et al. [11] 12 recreational male athletes (ages 23.3 ± 3.7 years old) 2 capsules per day containing 75 mg of Eurycoma or placebo 2 capsules 7 days before exercise trial 1 h before exercise trial ØRunning distance ØPhysiological Reponses between trials
Ping et al. [12] 9 recreational runners (ages 25.4 ± 6.9 years old) 200 mg of Panax ginseng 1 h before the exercise test ØEndurance running time
Engels and Wirth [13] 36 healthy men 200 and 400 mg/day Panax ginseng or placebo 8 weeks ØSubmaximal and maximal exercise permormance
  1. ↑augment, ↓reduce, Ø no changes