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Table 1 Energy and macronutrient intake during calorie restriction intervention

From: Calorie restriction regime enhances physical performance of trained athletes

  Pre-RC Post-RC
Energy (Kcal) 2292 ± 137 1537 ± 84 *
Carbohydrate (CHO) (g/day) 230 ± 16 155 ± 2.0 *
Polysaccharide (g/day) 121 ± 10 80.6 ± 7.3*
Simple CHO (g/day) 82.7 ± 9.0 62.2 ± 4.9*
CHO/Bogy weight (g/Kg) 2.8 ± 0.2 2.0 ± 0.15*
Protein (g/day) 103 ± 5.0 77.0 ± 3.7 *
Animal (% Protein) 70.8 ± 3.8 71.5 ± 4.7
Vegetal (% Protein) 29.2 ± 7.9 28.5 ± 6.1
Protein/Body weight (g/Kg) 1.2 ± 0.1 1.0 ± 0.05*
Lipids (g/day) 97.3 ± 6.6 63.3 ± 5.0 *
SFA (% Lipids) 37.7 ± 1.2 35.3 ± 1.3
MUFA (% Lipids) 44.7 ± 1.8 48.9 ± 1.1 *
PUFA (% Lipids) 17.5 ± 2.9 15.8 ± 5.1
Cholesterol (mg/day) 374 ± 2.4 245 ± 1.7 *
  1. Pre-RC and Post-RC: previous and at the end of calorie restriction intervention. Statistical analysis: Student’s test for unpaired data. (*) Significant differences between placebo and experimental, p < 0.05