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Table 5 Supplement usage of competitive bodybuilders during contest preparation: mean daily intake with standard deviations

From: Nutritional strategies of high level natural bodybuilders during competition preparation

  Male SD Female SD
Mean number of supplements used 7.0 0.8 5.4 3.2
Protein powder (%) 75.0 11.8 88.9 15.7
Multivitamin (%) 53.3 28.3 60.0 14.1
BCAA supplement (%) 49.4 14.9 53.5 12.8
Creatine supplement (%) 48.3 2.4 50.8 9.0
Fat burners (%) 47.8 11.0 36.5 11.2
Individual amino (%) 42.2 3.1 31.0 3.3
Pre-workout (%) 42.2 3.1 19.9 12.4
Omega 3 (%) 39.4 0.8 46.6 12.8
Carb supplement (%) 36.7 4.7 0.0 0.0
Mineral or joint supplement (%) 27.2 0.8 31.0 3.3
Vitamin C (%) 23.9 5.5 28.5 22.6
Vitamin D (%) 21.1 1.6 11.1 15.7
Miscellaneous supplement (%) 42.8 5.5 5.6 7.8
  1. Values expressed as a percentage of the population who utilised a particular supplement. Miscellaneous supplement, supplements that were used too infrequently to be designated as a category
  2. Abbreviations: SD standard deviation, BCAA branch chain amino acids