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Table 2 Effect of mangosteen supplementation on muscle dynamic stiffness

From: Acute Garcinia mangostana (mangosteen) supplementation does not alleviate physical fatigue during exercise: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial

Marker Treatment Time Treatment Time Treatment × Time
   Pre-Ex Ex-15 Ex-30 Post-Ex Rec    
Dynamic stiffness (N · m−1) Control 308.0 (50.6) 378.0** (68.4) 365.2** (54.9) 392.9** (65.7) 315.4 (59.3) 0.860 0.000 0.512
Supplementation 315.2 (45.2) 375.5** (46.9) 381.8** (43.8) 387.1** (54.2) 314.0 (59.3)
  1. Note: Data are expressed as the mean (±standard deviation). **P < 0.05 indicated significant differences compared to Pre-Ex (analyzed using repeated measures through ANOVA and corrected with Bonferroni's post-hoc multiple comparisons)
  2. Pre-Ex before exercise, 15-Ex 15 min during exercise, 30-Ex 30 min during exercise, Post-Ex immediately after exercise, Rec 15 min after exercise