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Table 3 Average intake of micronutrients and distribution of pentathletes (%) (n =56) on the adequacy of micronutrient intakes, according to gender and age

From: Critical evaluation of food intake and energy balance in young modern pentathlon athletes: a cross-sectional study

  Vitamins Minerals
  Vitamin A Vitamin C Calcium Iron
Gender/Age Intake (mcg) <EAR ≥EAR ≤ UL >UL Intake (mg) <EAR ≥EAR ≤ UL >UL Intake (mg) <AI ≥AI ≤UL >UL Intake (mg) <EAR ≥EAR ≤ UL >UL
Male                 
10–13 (n = 13) 551.5 ± 1207.7 92.3 % 7.7 % 100.2 ± 120.6 61.5 % 38.5 % 312.3 ± 181.5 100.0 % 11.6 ± 5.5 23.0 % 77.0 %
14–18 (n = 21) 870.1 ± 1872.8 80.9 % 14.2 % 4.9 % 76.3 ± 114.8 66.7 % 33.3 % 510.5 ± 347.8 95.2 % 4.8 % 13.4 ± 5.2 14.3 % 85.7 %
Female                 
10–13 (n = 12) 1026.3 ± 2508.5 75.0 % 16.7 % 8.3 % 29.6 ± 51.3 83.3 % 16.7 % 344.1 ± 243.7 100.0 % 11.7 ± 8.9 8.3 % 91.7 %
14–18 (n = 10) 1248.8 ± 2777.3 70.0 % 20.0 % 10.0 % 117.1 ± 107.6 50.0 % 50.0 % 479.2 ± 271.0 100.0 % 12.4 ± 4.0 10.0 % 90.0 %
  1. EAR Estimated Energy Requirement, UL Tolerable Upper Intake Level, AI Adequate Intake