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Table 2 Intake of macronutrients and energy by modern pentathlon athletes (n = 56), according to gender, X ± SD

From: Critical evaluation of food intake and energy balance in young modern pentathlon athletes: a cross-sectional study

Variables Female (n = 22) Male (n = 34)
ADA (2009) recomendations Intake ADA (2009) recomendations Intake
Energy (kcal) 2213 ± 473a 2558 ± 808b 3113 ± 704a 2749 ± 1024b
Protein (g/kg) 1.2–1.7 1.7 ± 0.6 1.2–1.7 1.6 ± 0.5
Carbohydrate (g/kg) 6.0–10.0 6.6 ± 2.2c 6.0–10.0 6.3 ± 2.5c
Lipids (%VET) 25.0–35.0 % 30.3 ± 6.6 25.0–35.0 % 31.4 ± ± 8.4
  1. aEstimated values according to Iglesias-Gutierrez et al. (2005) [16] and Leenders et al. [17]
  2. bSignificant difference compared to the estimated energy expenditure (p <0.01)
  3. cSignificant difference compared to the ADA (2009) [10] recommendations (p <0.01), t-test for independent samples