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Table 3 Associations between supplement use and health-related reasons for supplementation

From: Evaluation of congruence among dietary supplement use and motivation for supplementation in young, Canadian athletes

Supplement Medical (19 %) Improve Diet (43 %) Stay Healthy (81 %) Support Immune System (52 %)
Multi-vitamin/Multi-mineral (67 %) χ 2= 12.576
p< 0.001
V = 0.150
χ 2 = 7.057
p = 0.008
V = 0.112
χ 2= 32.679
p< 0.001
V = 0.241
χ 2= 41.807
p< 0.001
V = 0.273
Vitamin C (66 %) χ 2 = 5.825
p = 0.016
V = 0.102
χ 2= 15.603
p< 0.001
V = 0.166
χ 2= 35.707
p< 0.001
V = 0.252
χ 2= 32.878
p< 0.001
V = 0.241
B Vitamins (32 %) χ 2 = 3.623
p = 0.057
V = 0.080
χ 2= 12.740
p< 0.001
V = 0.150
χ 2= 14.195
p< 0.001
V = 0.159
χ 2= 17.709
p< 0.001
V = 0.177
Vitamin E (26 %) χ 2 = 2.136
p = 0.144
V = 0.062
χ 2 = 8.109
p = 0.004
V = 0.120
χ 2 = 8.428
p = 0.004
V = 0.122
χ 2= 10.368
p= 0.001
V = 0.136
Vitamin D (48 %) χ 2= 15.691
p< 0.001
V = 0.167
χ 2= 12.615
p< 0.001
V = 0.150
χ 2= 32.496
p< 0.001
V = 0.240
χ 2= 22.208
p< 0.001
V = 0.199
Vitamin-enriched Water (65 %) χ 2 = 3.386
p = 0.066
V = 0.077
χ 2 = 4.664
p = 0.031
V = 0.091
χ 2 = 5.183
p = 0.023
V = 0.096
χ 2 = 2.510
p = 0.113
V = 0.067
Iron (27 %) χ 2= 17.142
p< 0.001
V = 0.174
χ 2= 20.320
p< 0.001
V = 0.190
χ 2= 13.759
p< 0.001
V = 0.156
χ 2= 16.803
p< 0.001
V = 0.172
Calcium (43 %) χ 2= 22.947
p< 0.001
V = 0.202
χ 2= 30.458
p< 0.001
V = 0.232
χ 2= 31.370
p< 0.001
V = 0.236
χ 2= 26.782
p< 0.001
V = 0.218
Magnesium (17 %) χ 2 = 1.001
p = 0.317
V = 0.042
χ 2 = 9.440
p = 0.002
V = 0.129
χ 2 = 8.538
p = 0.003
V = 0.123
χ 2= 12.815
p< 0.001
V = 0.151
Protein Powder (51 %) χ 2 = 1.692
p = 0.193
V = 0.055
χ 2= 14.825
p< 0.001
V = 0.162
χ 2 = 5.085
p = 0.024
V = 0.095
χ 2= 16.882
p< 0.001
V = 0.173
BCAA (8 %) χ 2 = 0.233
p = 0.629
V = 0.020
χ 2 = 9.765
p = 0.002
V = 0.132
χ 2 = 2.415
p = 0.120
V = 0.065
χ 2 = 7.317
p = 0.007
V = 0.114
Beta-alanine (4 %) χ 2 = 5.191
p = 0.023
V = 0.096
χ 2 = 3.369
p = 0.066
V = 0.077
χ 2 = 0.871
p = 0.351
V = 0.039
χ 2 = 0.228
p = 0.633
V = 0.020
Glutamine (8 %) χ 2 = 0.260
p = 0.610
V = 0.021
χ 2= 13.015
p< 0.001
V= 0.152
χ 2 = 4.687
p = 0.030
V = 0.091
χ 2 = 6.923
p = 0.009
V = 0.111
Fatty Acids (40 %) χ 2= 13.960
p< 0.001
V = 0.157
χ 2 = 9.602
p = 0.002
V = 0.130
χ 2= 21.589
p< 0.001
V = 0.196
χ 2= 34.971
p< 0.001
V = 0.249
Energy Drinks (27 %) χ 2 = 4.642
p = 0.031
V = 0.091
χ 2 = 8.362
p = 0.004
V = 0.122
χ 2 = 0.757
p = 0.384
V = 0.037
χ 2 = 0.285
p = 0.593
V = 0.022
Sport/Electrolyte Drinks (90 %) χ 2 = 0.817
p = 0.366
V = 0.038
χ 2 = 1.164
p = 0.281
V = 0.045
χ 2 = 5.081
p = 0.024
V = 0.095
χ 2 = 1.172
p = 0.279
V = 0.046
Sport Gels/Gummies (26 %) χ 2 = 1.315
p = 0.251
V = 0.048
χ 2 = 0.555
p = 0.456
V = 0.031
χ 2 = 5.810
p = 0.016
V = 0.101
χ 2 = 3.462
p = 0.063
V = 0.078
Sport/Protein Bar (71 %) χ 2 = 0.961
p = 0.327
V = 0.041
χ 2= 10.708
p= 0.001
V = 0.138
χ 2= 11.233
p= 0.001
V = 0.141
χ 2= 10.456
p= 0.001
V = 0.136
Recovery Drinks (31 %) χ 2 = 0.166
p = 0.684
V = 0.017
χ 2= 10.532
p= 0.001
V = 0.137
χ 2 = 6.735
p = 0.009
V = 0.109
χ 2 = 9.528
p = 0.002
V = 0.130
Creatine (7 %) χ 2 = 0.015
p = 0.903
V = 0.005
χ 2 = 1.416
p = 0.234
V = 0.050
χ 2 = 0.123
p = 0.726
V = 0.015
χ 2 = 1.617
p = 0.204
V = 0.054
Plant Extracts (47 %) χ 2 = 9.536
p = 0.002
V = 0.130
χ 2 = 7.859
p = 0.005
V = 0.118
χ 2 = 9.864
p = 0.002
V = 0.132
χ 2= 49.130
p< 0.001
V = 0.295
  1. Statistically significant associations at p ≤ 0.001 are in bold. Percentages after the supplement type represent the percent of total athletes consuming the supplements listed. Percentages after the health-related reasons represent the percent of total athletes supplementing for the reasons listed