Skip to main content

Table 3 Muscle size

From: Examining the effect of Withania somnifera supplementation on muscle strength and recovery: a randomized controlled trial

   Treatment group mean (SD) Placebo group mean (SD) Between group comparison
(p-values)
  Sample size (n) n = 25 n = 25  
Thigh (cm2) Pre intervention 107.84 (24.61) 111.18 (17.15) 0.58
Post intervention 116.56 (26.04) 117.40 (19.96) 0.9
Change 8.71 (10.06); 95 % CI: 4.56, 12.87** 6.22 ( 8.76); 95 % CI: 2.61, 9.84* 0.36
Arm (cm2) Pre intervention 51.96 (10.88) 53.13 (14.84) 0.75
Post intervention 60.85 (13.23) 58.43 (17.66) 0.59
Change 8.89 (4.71); 95 % CI: 6.95, 10.84** 5.30 ( 4.74); 95 % CI: 3.34, 7.25** 0.01
Chest (cm) Pre intervention 101.40 (11.22) 101.16 (8.93) 0.93
Post intervention 104.77 (11.09) 102.58 (8.76) 0.44
Change 3.37 ( 1.89); 95 % CI: 2.59, 4.15** 1.43 (1.45); 95 % CI: 0.83, 2.02** 0.0002
  1. * = p < 0.01; ** = p < 0.001 within group comparison