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Table 9 Anti-inflammatory Cytokines

From: Effects of powdered Montmorency tart cherry supplementation on an acute bout of intense lower body strength exercise in resistance trained males

Variable Group Baseline Pre-Lift 60-min Post 24-hr Post 48-hr Post Group Mean p-value (GG) p-value (WSC)
IL-4 (pg/mL) P 6.03±3.18 7.86±5.06 8.26±5.22 7.44±4.95 7.83±5.10 7.48±1.05 G=0.273  
TC 4.16±1.91 5.45±2.04 6.38±2.49 6.36±2.45 6.54±3.01 5.78±1.09 T=0.001* T q =0.001*
Time Mean 5.10±0.55 6.65±0.82 7.32±0.87 6.90±0.83 7.19±0.88   G X T=0.421 G X T L =0.405
IL-5 (pg/mL) P 0.69±0.37 0.70±0.41 0.70±0.46 0.64±0.37 0.65±0.40 0.68±0.11 G=0.749  
TC 0.75±0.43 0.72±0.40 0.71±0.37 0.77±0.43 0.70±0.42 0.73±0.12 T=0.716 T L =0.325
Time Mean 0.72±0.08 0.71±0.09 0.70±0.09 0.71±0.08 0.68±0.09   G X T=0.438 G X T L =0.582
IL-7 (pg/mL) P 4.73±2.19 5.41±2.49 5.94±3.71 5.52±2.75 5.46±2.57 5.41±0.63 G=0.414  
TC 4.15±1.86 4.45±2.00 5.31±2.18 4.91±1.61 4.47±1.54 4.66±0.65 T=0.041* T q =0.033*
Time Mean 4.44±0.43 4.93±0.48 5.62±0.64 5.21±0.48 4.97±0.45   G X T=0.843 G X T L =0.757
IL-10 (pg/mL) P 4.52±3.85 3.69±1.82 4.21±1.92 3.48±1.70 3.45±1.74 3.87±0.56 G=0.869  
TC 2.77±1.74 3.49±2.03 6.02±5.70 3.33±2.54 3.07±2.54 3.74±0.59 T=0.103§ T q =0.157
Time Mean 3.65±0.63 3.59±0.40 5.12±0.87Ψ 3.41±0.45 3.26±0.45   G X T=0.182 G X T q =0.120
IL-13 (pg/mL) P 3.30±2.89 3.33±3.30 3.40±3.48 3.24±3.64 3.27±3.56 3.31±0.78 G=0.449  
TC 1.96±1.74 2.26±1.66 2.75±2.09 2.78±2.18 2.45±2.34 2.44±0.81 T=0.393 T q =0.055§
Time Mean 2.63±0.50 2.80±0.55 3.08±0.61 3.01±0.63 2.86±0.64   G X T=0.402 G X T q =0.133
  1. Individual group and time data expressed as means ± SD, while group effects are presented as means ± SEM. Data represents the anti-inflammatory response at each test session during the 10 day intervention. MANOVA analysis revealed overall Wilks' Lambda time (p<0.001) and group x time (p=0.447). Univariate ANOVA p-levels from MANOVA analysis are presented for each variable. Univariate ANOVA p-levels are listed first by the Greenhouse-Geisser (GG) analysis and then by the within-subjects contrasts (WSC) to demonstrate the potential shape of the time or group x time interaction with significance indicated by the following super/subscripts: * indicates p<0.05 p-level significance, § indicates p<0.10 p-level significance. LSD post hoc analysis is indicated by the following superscripts: ^ represents p<0.05 difference between groups, † represents p<0.05 difference from baseline value, Ψ represents p<0.05 difference from pre-lift, represents p<0.05 difference from 60-min post, # represents p<0.05 difference from 24-hr post
  2. IL interleukin, G group p-level, T time p-level, G x T interaction, q quadratic p-level, L linear p-level