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Table 8 Pro-inflammatory Cytokines and Chemokines

From: Effects of powdered Montmorency tart cherry supplementation on an acute bout of intense lower body strength exercise in resistance trained males

Variable Group Baseline Pre-Lift 60-min Post 24-hr Post 48-hr Post Group Mean p-value (GG) p-value (WSC)
TNF-α (pg/mL) P 2.82±1.33 3.30±1.59 3.33±1.88 2.98±1.45 2.85±1.41 3.05±0.36 G=0.212  
TC 2.12±0.92 2.55±1.15 2.61±1.00 2.44±0.82 2.23±0.94 2.39±0.37 T=0.003* T q =0.001*
Time Mean 2.47±0.24 2.92±0.29 2.97±0.32 2.71±0.25 2.54±0.25Ψ   G X T=0.873 G X T L =0.649
IFN-γ (pg/mL) P 14.92±31.51 18.91±44.08 18.99±44.51 21.33±51.78 21.56±51.82 19.14±9.41 G=0.365  
TC 6.19±5.69 6.46±5.01 7.12±5.19 7.11±5.98 5.78±6.02 6.53±9.83 T=0.287 T q =0.136
Time Mean 10.56±4.83 12.68±6.70 13.06±6.77 14.22±7.87 13.67±7.88#   G X T=0.314 G X T L =0.295
IL-1β (pg/mL) P 0.77±0.32 0.84±0.35 0.87±0.39 0.83±0.38 0.83±0.35 0.83±0.10 G=0.048*  
TC 0.75±0.35 0.75±0.34 0.82±0.26 0.85±0.30 0.82±0.34 0.80±0.10 T=0.047* T q =0.030*
Time Mean 0.76±0.07 0.80±0.07 0.85±0.07 0.84±0.07 0.82±0.07   G X T=0.411 G X T q =0.488
IL-2 (pg/mL) P 1.86±1.86 2.00±2.18 1.97±2.16 1.91±2.15 1.87±2.09 1.92±0.71 G=0.956  
TC 1.70±2.96 1.73±2.73 2.06±2.65 2.26±3.13 2.15±3.03 1.98±0.74 T=0.292 T L =0.214
Time Mean 1.78±0.51 1.87±0.51 2.02±0.50 2.08±0.56 2.01±0.54   G X T=0.230 G X T L =0.163
IL-6 (pg/mL) P 1.19±0.95 1.34±1.36 1.61±1.60 1.33±1.38 1.26±1.21 1.35±0.37 G=0.724  
TC 0.87±1.34 1.09±1.31 1.54±1.38 1.20±1.49 1.07±1.43 1.16±0.39 T=0.020* T q =0.023*
Time Mean 1.03±0.24 1.22±0.28 1.57±0.31†Ψ 1.27±0.30 1.17±0.28#   G X T=0.761 G X T L =0.512
IL-8 (pg/mL) P 4.25±3.99 5.07±5.74 5.04±6.16 5.16±6.41 4.94±6.32 4.89±1.23 G=0.496  
TC 2.95±1.56 3.45±1.75 4.14±1.29 4.02±1.78 3.74±1.91 3.66±1.28 T=0.042* T q =0.018*
Time Mean 3.60±0.64 4.26±0.90 4.59±0.95 4.59±1.00 4.34±0.99   G X T=0.697 G X T L =0.736
IL-12p70 (pg/mL) P 2.27±4.13 3.03±6.51 3.05±6.63 3.01±6.42 2.78±5.68 2.83±1.33 G=0.577  
TC 1.70±2.67 1.76±2.59 1.68±2.15 1.91±2.76 1.66±2.61 1.74±1.39 T=0.279 T q =0.264
Time Mean 1.99±0.73 2.39±1.05 2.37±1.05 2.46±1.05 2.22±0.94   G X T=0.377 G X T L =0.351
  1. Individual group and time data expressed as means ± SD, while group effects are presented as means ± SEM. Data represents the pro-inflammatory response at each test session during the 10 day intervention. MANOVA analysis revealed overall Wilks' Lambda time (p<0.001) and group x time (p=0.302). Univariate ANOVA p-levels from MANOVA analysis are presented for each variable. Univariate ANOVA p-levels are listed first by the Greenhouse-Geisser (GG) analysis and then by the within-subjects contrasts (WSC) to demonstrate the potential shape of the time or group x time interaction with significance indicated by the following super/subscripts: * indicates p<0.05 p-level significance, § indicates p<0.10 p-level significance. LSD post hoc analysis is indicated by the following superscripts: ^ represents p<0.05 difference between groups, † represents p<0.05 difference from baseline value, Ψ represents p<0.05 difference from pre-lift, represents p<0.05 difference from 60-min post, # represents p<0.05 difference from 24-hr post
  2. TNF-α tumor necrosis factor alpha, IFN-γ interferon gamma, IL interleukin, G group p-level, T time p-level, G x T interaction, q quadratic p-level, L linear p-level