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Fig. 1 | Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition

Fig. 1

From: Effects of oral phosphatidic acid feeding with or without whey protein on muscle protein synthesis and anabolic signaling in rodent skeletal muscle

Fig. 1

Effects of PA with or without the co-ingestion of WPC on mTOR signaling markers. Legend: Data are presented as means ± standard error, and bars not sharing similar superscript letters are significantly different (p < 0.05) as determined by one-way ANOVAs with protected LSD post hoc comparisons. CON n-size = 13, PA, WPC, and PA + WPC n-sizes = 7–8. Panels ae: Effects of each ingredient on upstream positive modulators of protein synthesis. Panel f: representative digital images select phospho-targets that were altered with feedings

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