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Table 2 Effects of the 9-month nutritional intervention on the energy and nutrients intake, TEE, BW and composition M ± SD

From: Nine–month nutritional intervention improves restoration of menses in young female athletes and ballet dancers

Ballet dancers
  0 3 6 9 0 vs. 3 3 vs. 6 0 vs. 6 3 vs. 9 6 vs. 9 0 vs. 9
Energy (kcal) 1640 ± 412 2130 ± 503 2300 ± 290 2368 ± 182 < 0.001 NS < 0.001 0.03 NS < 0.001
Fat (g) 57.0 ± 18.9 71.0 ± 19.7 72.6 ± 17.2 73.2 ± 15.9 <0.001 NS <0.001 NS NS <0.001
Protein (g) 58.8 ± 13.3 77.3 ± 17.5 82.7 ± 9.7 85.3 ± 9.3 <0.001 NS <0.001 NS NS <0.001
Carbohydrate (g) 222.8 ± 55.7 295.7 ± 72.0 328.9 ± 50.9 342.0 ± 33.2 <0.001 NS <0.001 0.004 NS <0.001
TEE (kcal/d) 2038 ± 279 2170 ± 372 2276 ± 236 2292 ± 245 NS NS 0.005 NS NS 0.002
EB (kcal/d) -384 ± 267 -40 ± 267 24 ± 111 75 ± 147 NS NS <0.001 NS NS <0.001
EEE (kcal/d) 731 ± 207 758 ± 315 737 ± 129 750 ± 113 <0.001 NS NS NS NS NS
EA (kcal/kg FFM/d) 21.7 ± 7.2 32.8 ± 6.8 35.9 ± 5.5 37.2 ± 4.2 0.NS NS <0.001 0.017 NS <0.001
BW (kg) 52.9 ± 5.8 53.2 ± 5.7 54.4 ± 5.0 54.2 ± 4.7 <0.001 0.001 <0.001 0.003 NS 0.001
BMI (kg/m2) 18.9 ± 1.7 19.0 ± 1.7 19.5 ± 1.5 19.4 ± 1.4 NS 0.001 <0.001 0.003 NS 0.001
FM (%) 18.7 ± 3.2 19.2 ± 3.2 19.5 ± 3.7 19.3 ± 3.3 NS NS NS NS NS NS
FM (kg) 9.9 ± 2.2 10.2 ± 2.3 10.6 ± 2.4 10.5 ± 2.1 NS NS NS NS NS NS
FFM (%) 81.3 ± 3.2 80.8 ± 3.2 80.5 ± 3.7 80.7 ± 3.3 NS NS NS NS NS NS
FFM (kg) 43.0 ± 4.8 42.8 ± 4.6 43.8 ± 4.4 43.7 ± 4.0 NS 0.042 NS 0.040 NS NS
Female athletes
  0 3 6 9 0 vs. 3 3 vs. 6 0 vs. 6 3 vs. 9 6 vs. 9 0 vs. 9
Energy (kcal) 2354 ± 539 2588 ± 557 2803 ± 387 2800 ± 321 0.041 NS < 0.001 NS NS < 0.001
Fat (g) 92.2 ± 27.5 84.2 ± 20.4 95.0 ± 19.7 87.4 ± 11.1 NS 0.034 NS NS NS NS
Protein (g) 75.6 ± 14.8 85.5 ± 15.6 90.8 ± 12.7 93.0 ± 10.7 0.004 NS <0.001 0.038 NS <0.001
Carbohydrate (g) 305.4 ± 78.0 372.2 ± 86.3 395.9 ± 59.8 410.2 ± 56.9 <0.001 NS <0.001 0.038 NS <0.001
TEE (kcal/d) 2642 ± 348 2638 ± 421 2744 ± 348 2741 ± 328 NS NS NS NS NS NS
EB (kcal/d) -288 ± 477 -51 ± 224 59 ± 72 59 ± 89 0.002 NS <0.001 NS NS <0.001
EEE (kcal/d) 959 ± 174 905 ± 337 898 ± 283 868 ± 275 NS NS NS NS NS NS
EA (kcal/kg FFM/d) 52.9 ± 5.8 35.8 ± 12.3 41.0 ± 8.6 40.9 ± 8.2 0.011 0.001 <0.001 0.001 NS <0.001
BW (kg) 59.3 ± 5.3 59.6 ± 5.3 59.5 ± 5.7 59.4 ± 5.8 NS NS NS NS NS NS
BMI (kg/m2) 20.6 ± 1.4 20.7 ± 1.5 20.7 ± 1.6 20.6 ± 1.7 NS NS NS NS NS NS
FM (%) 20.6 ± 3.7 21.0 ± 3.5 21.3 ± 3.4 21.2 ± 3.1 NS NS NS NS NS NS
FM (kg) 12.2 ± 2.4 12.5 ± 2.4 12.7 ± 2.7 12.6 ± 2.5 NS NS NS NS NS NS
FFM (%) 79.4 ± 3.7 79.0 ± 3.7 78.7 ± 3.4 78.8 ± 3.1 NS NS NS NS NS NS
FFM (kg) 47.1 ± 4.9 47.1 ± 4.8 46.8 ± 4.2 46.8 ± 4.3 NS NS NS NS NS NS
  1. 0 - before nutritional intervention, 3 – after 3 months of the nutritional intervention, 6 – after 6 month of the nutritional intervention, 9 – after 9 month of the nutritional intervention (post –study).