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Table 5 Magnitude based inferences on strength, muscle architecture and body composition changes between groups

From: Efficacy of phosphatidic acid ingestion on lean body mass, muscle thickness and strength gains in resistance-trained men

PA vs. PL Mean difference Clinical inference % beneficial/ positive % negligible/ trivial % harmful/ negative
1-RM Bench Press (kg) 2.38 Unclear 63.5 0 36.5
1-RM Squat (kg) 4.31 Likely 88 4.8 7.2
Vastus Lateralis Thickness (cm) .007 Unclear 0.25 99.5 0.25
Vastus Lateralis Pennation angle (°) .79 Unclear 26 18.2 55.8
Body Mass (kg) .006 Unclear 72 18 10.1
Body Fat (kg) −14.5 Unclear 50.5 0 49.5
Lean Body Mass (kg) 1.6 Very Likely 96.4 0.7 2.9