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Table 2 Percent spread in protein intake between groups in studies included in protein spread theory analysis

From: Dietary protein to maximize resistance training: a review and examination of protein spread and change theories

Benefit No > benefit than control
Study % Spread (g/kg/day) Study % Spread (g/kg/day)
Burke, 2004 [1] 175 Candow, 2006 [23] 5.8
Candow, 2006 [2] 75 Eliot, 2008 [22] 19.7
Consolazio, 1975 [3] 98.6 Kukuljan, 2009 [20] 6.5
Cribb, 2007 [4] 90.9 Mielke, 2009 [25] 13.8
Demling, 2000 [5] 72.6 Rankin, 2004 [19] 8.3
Hartman, 2007 [6] 9.1 Verdijk, 2009 [18] 0
Hoffman, 2007 [7] 61.3 White, 2009 [24] 17.1
Hulmi, 2009 [8] 14   
Kerksick, 2006 [9] 48.7   
Willoughby, 2011 [10] 16.3   
Average % Spread (g/kg): 66.1 Average % Spread (g/kg): 10.2