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Table 2 Body composition and resting energy expenditure data

From: Effects of diet type and supplementation of glucosamine, chondroitin, and MSM on body composition, functional status, and markers of health in women with knee osteoarthritis initiating a resistance-based exercise and weight loss program

Variable Group 0 Week 10 14 p-value
Weight (kg) HC-GCM 88.0 ± 14 87.0 ± 16 87.4 ± 13 D = 0.75
  HC-P 86.8 ± 13 84.8 ± 14 84.1 ± 13 S = 0.70
  HP-GCM 91.0 ± 13 89.2 ± 14 87.9 ± 13 T = 0.001
  HP-P 88.2 ± 17 86.4 ± 15 86.8 ± 15 T × D = 0.60
  HC 87.4 ± 13 85.8 ± 14 85.5 ± 14 T × S = 0.84
  HP 90.0 ± 14 87.6 ± 14 87.5 ± 13 T × D × S = 0.10
  GCM 89.7 ± 13 87.6 ± 14 87.7 ± 14  
  P 87.3 ± 14 85.3 ± 14 85.1 ± 13  
  Mean 88.6 ± 13 86.6 ± 14† 86.5 ± 13†  
Fat Mass (kg) HC-GCM 37.5 ± 7 36.3 ± 9 35.8 ± 8 D = 0.81
  HC-P 37.8 ± 8 36.1 ± 9 35.4 ± 8 S = 0.98
  HP-GCM 38.9 ± 6 36.4 ± 7 35.9 ± 6 T = 0.001
  HP-P 38.0 ± 8 37.1 ± 8 36.8 ± 8 T × D = 0.93
  HC 37.7 ± 8 36.2 ± 8 35.6 ± 8 T × S = 0.53
  HP 38.6 ± 6 36.6 ± 7 36.2 ± 8 T × D × S = 0.19
  GCM 38.3 ± 6 36.3 ± 7 35.8 ± 7  
  P 37.9 ± 8 36.5 ± 8 35.9 ± 8  
  Mean 38.1 ± 7 36.4 ± 8† 35.9 ± 7†  
FFM (kg) HC-GCM 44.4 ± 7 44.7 ± 8 45.5 ± 8 D = 0.74
  HC-P 42.8 ± 6 42.8 ± 7 42.8 ± 6 S = 0.45
  HP-GCM 45.7 ± 7 45.5 ± 7 45.8 ± 8 T = 0.57
  HP-P 44.5 ± 7 42.9 ± 6 43.8 ± 7 T × D = 0.09
  HC 43.5 ± 7 43.6 ± 7 44.0 ± 7 T × S = 0.12
  HP 45.3 ± 7 44.6 ± 6 45.1 ± 7 T × D × S = 0.77
  GCM 45.2 ± 7 45.1 ± 7 45.6 ± 8  
  P 43.4 ± 6 42.9 ± 6 43.2 ± 6  
  Mean 44.3 ± 7 44.1 ± 7 44.5 ± 7  
Body Fat (%) HC-GCM 45.7 ± 3 44.6 ± 3 43.9 ± 3 D = 0.98
  HC-P 46.7 ± 4 45.5 ± 4 45.0 ± 3 S = 0.41
  HP-GCM 46.0 ± 3 44.3 ± 3 43.9 ± 3 T = 0.001
  HP-P 45.8 ± 2 46.1 ± 3 45.4 ± 2 T × D = 0.46
  HC 46.3 ± 4 45.1 ± 4 44.5 ± 3 T × S = 0.21
  HP 45.9 ± 2 44.9 ± 2 44.4 ± 3 T × D × S = 0.25
  GCM 45.9 ± 3 44.4 ± 3 43.9 ± 3  
  P 46.4 ± 4 45.7 ± 4 45.1 ± 4  
  Mean 46.1 ± 3 45.0 ± 3† 44.5 ± 3†  
REE (kcals/d) HC-GCM 1,548 ± 262 - 1,453 ± 302 D = 0.73
  HC-P 1,400 ± 180 - 1,388 ± 218 S = 0.35
  HP-GCM 1,517 ± 301 - 1,519 ± 310 T = 0.26
  HP-P 1,477 ± 301 - 1,410 ± 147 T × D = 0.78
  HC 1,465 ± 225 - 1,416 ± 251 T × S = 0.93
  HP 1,504 ± 289 - 1,485 ± 268 T × D × S = 0.32
  GCM 1,530 ± 276 - 1,490 ± 298  
  P 1,424 ± 213 - 1,394 ± 193  
  Mean 1,482 ± 251 - 1,447 ± 257  
  1. Data are means ± standard deviations. HC = high carbohydrate diet, HP = high protein diet, GCM = glucosamine/chondroitin/MSM group, P = placebo group, FFM = fat free mass, REE = resting energy expenditure, D = diet, S = supplement, T = time. † Indicates p < 0.05 difference from baseline.