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Table 1 Oxygen consumption ( V ˙ O 2 ) , carbon dioxide production ( V ˙ C O 2 ) , respiratory exchange ratio (RPE) during 30 min of running at 10 and 35°C conducted before and after supplementation.

From: The effects of creatine and glycerol hyperhydration on running economy in well trained endurance runners

    Exercise time (min)
Variable Condition   5 10 15 20 25 30
V ˙ O 2 (mL·kg-1·min-1) 10°C Pre 37.4 ± 2.4 37.6 ± 2.0 37.7 ± 1.8 38.7 ± 2.2 38.8 ± 2.7 38.9 ± 2.8
   Post 36.4 ± 2.8 37.4 ± 1.5 36.9 ± 1.7 37.7 ± 1.8 37.6 ± 2.2 38.4 ± 3.3
  35°C Prea 37.2 ± 2.4 39.5 ± 2.4 39.5 ± 2.3 40.3 ± 2.6 40.5 ± 4.4 41.2 ± 3.3
   Posta 36.7 ± 2.4 37.9 ± 2.3 37.4 ± 3.2 38.4 ± 2.6 39.1 ± 2.1 38.5 ± 3.1
V ˙ C O 2 (mL·kg-1·min-1) 10°C Prea 32.8 ± 1.7 33.7 ± 2.2 33.9 ± 1.4 34.4 ± 2.0 34.7 ± 2.5 34.4 ± 2.5
   Posta 33.5 ± 3.1 34.6 ± 1.6 34.0 ± 1.7 35.0 ± 1.9 35.1 ± 2.0 35.0 ± 2.3
  35°C Pre 32.3 ± 2.8 34.7 ± 2.3 35.6 ± 2.3 35.3 ± 2.2 35.5 ± 3.2 35.5 ± 3.3
   Post 32.4 ± 2.5 33.9 ± 2.2 34.4 ± 2.4 35.1 ± 2.3 35.1 ± 2.3 34.5 ± 2.6
RER 10°C Pre 0.87 ± 0.03 0.89 ± 0.03 0.89 ± 0.03 0.88 ± 0.04 0.89 ± 0.04 0.88 ± 0.03
   Post 0.91 ± 0.05 0.93 ± 0.03 0.92 ± 0.03 0.93 ± 0.03 0.93 ± 0.03 0.92 ± 0.03
  35°C Pre 0.87 ± 0.05 0.88 ± 0.03 0.89 ± 0.03 0.88 ± 0.04 0.88 ± 0.05 0.86 ± 0.05
   Post 0.88 ± 0.03 0.89 ± 0.03 0.91 ± 0.03 0.91 ± 0.03 0.90 ± 0.03 0.89 ± 0.03
  1. *Note. Values are presented as the mean ± SD. aSignificant difference over time throughout the trial. P-value was set at 0.05.