Variable

Time Point

WP

CHO

pvalue


IRS1

Baseline

15.68 ± 9.6

19.52 ± 6.4

Supplement (S) = 0.88


15 min postexercise

29.04 ± 6.6†

22.28 ± 11.2

Test (T) = 0.04†#


120 min postexercise

25.40 ± 6.0

19.65 ± 9.2

S × T = 0.44

Akt

Baseline

5.04 ± 1.9

6.88 ± 1.1

Supplement (S) = 0.21


15 min postexercise

6.04 ± 2.6

5.61 ± 4.1

Test (T) = 0.35


120 min postexercise

4.78 ± 1.4

4.58 ± 2.1

S × T = 0.82

mTOR

Baseline

3.34 ± 0.34

3.62 ± 0.19

Supplement (S) = 0.93


15 min postexercise

3.75 ± 0.62

3.66 ± 0.27

Test (T) = 0.002†


120 min postexercise

3.33 ± 0.19

3.52 ± 0.28

S × T = 0.34

P70S6K

Baseline

8.51 ± 3.2

10.41 ± 3.2

Supplement (S) = 0.96


15 min postexercise

14.14 ± 6.6

11.18 ± 2.9

Test (T) = 0.04


120 min postexercise

13.32 ± 6.1

11.24 ± 5.0

S × T = 0.74

4EBP1

Baseline

4.30 ± 2.4

5.33 ± 1.7

Supplement (S) = 0.28


15 min postexercise

2.66 ± 1.3†

2.28 ± 1.0

Test (T) = 0.001†


120 min postexercise

4.07 ± 1.9#

4.90 ± 1.8

S × T = 0.64

 Data are means ± standard deviations.
 p70S6K, eIF4EBP1, AKT and IRS1 are expressed as U/ml/mg.
 mTOR is expressed as absorbance units at 450 nm/mg.
 † represents significant difference from baseline at 15 min postexercise.
 # represents significant difference from baseline at 120 min postexercise.