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Table 5 Within and between group hormonal changes from baseline (T1) through week 8 (T3)

From: The effects of a commercially available botanical supplement on strength, body composition, power output, and hormonal profiles in resistance-trained males

Variable Group Baseline (T1) Week 4 (T2) Week 8 (T3) Between Group
Estrogen FEN 102 ± 67 107 ± 55 109 ± 60 G = 0.196
(pg/ml) PLA 83 ± 32 83 ± 31 91 ± 32 T = 0.173
      G × T = 0.563
Cortisol FEN 75 ± 23 77 ± 27 74 ± 28 G = 0.805
(mg/dl) PLA 88 ± 80 60 ± 21 85 ± 85 T = 0.418
      G × T = 0.324
Insulin FEN 15 ± 8 13 ± 6 15 ± 8 G = 0.299
(uIU/mL) PLA 15 ± 10 17 ± 10 16 ± 9 T = 0.962
      G × T = 0.060
Leptin FEN 15 ± 14 13 ± 14 19 ± 16 G = 0.974
(uIU/mL) PLA 14 ± 11 16 ± 12 17 ± 12 T = 0.044†
      G × T = 0.351
Free FEN 40 ± 33 33 ± 22 36 ± 22 G = 0.020†
Testosterone PLA 57 ± 47 66 ± 53† 67 ± 54† T = 0.829
(ng/ml)      G × T = 0.318
DHT (pg/ml) FEN 1263 ± 496 1152 ± 466 1144 ± 447 G = 0.921
  PLA 1187 ± 482 1156 ± 448 1258 ± 493 T = 0.134
      G × T = 0.033†
  1. Abbreviations: FEN = fenugreek supplement group, PLA = placebo group
  2. Symbols: † = Significant between group difference (p < 0.05)