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Table 4 Serum Clinical Chemistry Markers for the Placebo and NO-Shotgun Groups at Days 0 and 29.

From: Effects of 28 days of resistance exercise and consuming a commercially available pre-workout supplement, NO-Shotgun®, on body composition, muscle strength and mass, markers of satellite cell activation, and clinical safety markers in males

Variable PL Day 0 PL Day 29 NO Day 0 NO Day 29
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 80.63 (37.68) 75.38 (21.67) 108.38 (63.21) 92.25 (46.02)
Cholesterol (mg/dl) 152.25 (23.30) 158.23 (24.27) 179.38 (28.59) 176.63 (25.49)
HDL (mg/dl) 48.13 (8.64) 52.75 (8.82) 53.0 (6.57) 51.88 (8.17)
LDL (mg/dl) 89.38 (18.04) 91.13 (18.58) 106.38 (24.09) 106.5 (21.15)
GTT (U/L) 25.5 (10.07) 25.5 (10.28) 38.0 (36.07) 38.75 (33.70)
LDH (U/L) 109.13 (13.90) 126.0 (41.04) 106.75 (16.56) 112.63 (19.10)
Uric Acid (mg/dL) 5.8 (1.12) 5.5 (1.01) 5.56 (1.02) 5.69 (0.61)
Glucose (mg/dL) 88.38 (6.14) 89.25 (4.59) 90.88 (5.84) 89.13 (5.44)
BUN (mg/dL) 11.88 (3.14) 11.13 (2.30) 14.0 (3.02) 13.13 (3.87)
Creatinine (mg/dL) 0.9 (0.05) 1.04 (0.14) 1.03 (0.10) 1.04 (0.05)
BUN/Creatinine 13.24 (3.61) 10.75 (1.78) 13.75 (2.97) 12.54 (3.31)
Calcium (mg/dL) 8.91 (0.18) 9.03 (0.17) 9.14 (0.20) 9.01 (0.21)
Total Protein (g/dl) 7.31 (0.49) 7.46 (0.37) 7.66 (0.29) 7.59 (0.30)
Total Bilirubin (mg/dl) 0.6 (0.24) 0.53 (0.20) 0.56 (0.36) 0.54 (0.27)
ALP (U/L) 74.88 (25.49) 87.88 (32.30) 61.38 (19.09) 60.88 (18.43)
AST (U/L) 25.88 (20.64) 18.75 (7.19) 15.88 (7.38) 20.25 (14.65)
ALT (U/L) 32.25 (10.70) 29.5 (3.89) 25.88 (3.48) 31.0 (5.76)
CK (U/L) 144.63 (124.81) 138.88 (81.06) 88.88 (47.08) 83.0 (38.15)
  1. Data are presented as means and standard deviations. No significant differences were observed with resistance training or between groups throughout the 28-day study for serum clinical chemistry variables (p > 0.05).