Skip to main content

Table 3 Serum and selected muscle variables for the Placebo and NO-Shotgun Groups at Days 0 and 29.

From: Effects of 28 days of resistance exercise and consuming a commercially available pre-workout supplement, NO-Shotgun®, on body composition, muscle strength and mass, markers of satellite cell activation, and clinical safety markers in males

  PL Day 0 PL Day 29 % Change NO Day 0 NO Day 29 % Change Time Group × Time
Serum IGF-1 (ng/ml) 238.61 246.98 8.58 239.04 259.81 9.34 p = 0.046 p = 0.86
  108.68 122.63 37.3 87.57 97.32 20.01   
Serum HGF (pg/ml) 238.54 199.54 -8.71 251.21 344.34 47.42 p = 0.006 p = 0.02
  89.72 75.02 34.06 69.87 232.14 62.49   
Muscle c-met (ng/mg) 13.34 14.06 8.55 7.82 12.9 118.55 p = 0.019 p = 0.067
  8.19 9.76 48.34 8.14 9.64 102.49   
Myofibrillar Protein (μg/mg) 86.18 108.41 26.34 81.47 135.83 70.39 p = 0.001 p = 0.014
  10.27 26.92 15.06 12.14 18.15 37.66   
Total DNA (ug/mg) 27.79 29.59 4.67 27.89 52.37 88.75 p = 0.011 p = 0.041
  5.96 11.35 26.41 3.29 7.74 26.81   
DNA/Protein 0.32 0.28 -8.77 0.34 0.39 14.22 p = 0.061 p = 0.14
  0.06 0.12 42.24 0.04 0.09 23.76   
  1. Data are presented as means, standard deviations, and percent changes.