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Table 1 Dietary Caloric and Macronutrient Intake

From: Effects of 28 days of resistance exercise and consuming a commercially available pre-workout supplement, NO-Shotgun®, on body composition, muscle strength and mass, markers of satellite cell activation, and clinical safety markers in males

Group PL Day 0 PL Day 29 NO Day 0 NO Day 29 Group Time G × T
Total Calories (kcal/kg) 33.92 (8.51) 35.67 (8.40) 27.88 (7.47) 28.80 (6.94) 0.13 0.001 0.12
Protein (kcal/kg) 1.39 (0.50) 1.69 (0.47) 1.29 (0.30) 1.56 (0.23) 0.14 0.001 0.19
Fat (kcal/kg) 1.48 (0.47) 1.26 (0.43) 1.09 (0.34) 0.99 (0.29) 0.17 0.001 0.18
Carbohydrate (kcal/kg) 4.81 (1.98) 4.88 (1.43) 3.31 (0.97) 3.85 (1.06) 0.19 0.001 0.13
  1. Data are presented as means and standard deviations of daily caloric values expressed relative to total body mass (kcal/kg). No significant interactions existed for total calories, protein, carbohydrate, or fat calories (p > 0.05). However, significant main effects for time existed for both groups for all four variables (p < 0.001).