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Table 2 Values for CK, MVC, and VAS for the three supplement groups (N = 27).

From: Effect of carbohydrate-protein supplement timing on acute exercise-induced muscle damage

Variables   0 6 hrs 24 hrs 48 hrs 72 hrs 96 hrs
CK Control 94 ± 63 153 ± 134 245 ± 178 1084 ± 1709* 1428 ± 2208* 1181 ± 1540*
(U/L) Pre 113 ± 031 184 ± 098 271 ± 273 0620 ± 1098* 1050 ± 2189* 0873 ± 1513*
(n = 9) Post 97 ± 28 139 ± 057 182 ± 059 280 ± 115* 424 ± 286* 634 ± 787*
MVC Control 221 ± 37 140 ± 21* 137 ± 31* 150 ± 053* 149 ± 038* 172 ± 051*
(NM) Pre 252 ± 66 198 ± 43* 185 ± 26* 209 ± 047* 201 ± 049* 231 ± 059*
(n = 9) Post 204 ± 29 143 ± 040* 139 ± 046* 140 ± 047* 154 ± 047* 157 ± 039*
VAS Control 0.11 ± 0.17 1.19 ± 1.45* 1.84 ± 1.15* 3.59 ± 1.56* 2.60 ± 1.37* 1.09 ± 1.03*
(cm) Pre 0.03 ± 0.07 0.66 ± 0.60* 2.22 ± 1.28* 3.44 ± 1.82* 2.54 ± 1.56* 1.48 ± 1.48*
(n = 9) Post 0.02 ± 0.04 0.73 ± 0.96* 1.54 ± 1.33* 2.12 ± 1.58* 1.22 ± 1.03* 0.63 ± 0.51*
  1. Values are means ± standard deviation.
  2. * p < 0.05, significantly different from 0 time point
  3. Pre, received supplement before exercise and placebo after; Post, received supplement after exercise and placebo before exercise; Control, received placebo before and after exercise; CK, creatine kinase; MVC, maximal voluntary contraction; NM, newton meters; VAS, visual analogue scale.