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Table 2 Daily dietary intake of total sample, injured, and non-injured runners.

From: Fat intake and injury in female runners

  Total Sample (n = 86) Injured (n = 47) Non-Injured (n = 39) p value (injured vs. non-injured) Goal p value (injured vs. DRI) p value (all runners vs. DRI)
Energy Intake (kcal/d) 2120 ± 861 2002 ± 547 2262 ± 1123 .083 2567–2807   <.005**
Energy Intake (kcal/kgFFM/d) 45 ± 18.2 43 ± 11.8 47 ± 23.7 .138    
Energy Balance (kcal/kgFFM/d) -20 ± 17.5 -22 ± 13.1 -16 ± 21.6 .073    
Energy Availability (kcal/kgFFM/d) 32 ± 17.8 29 ± 13.3 35 ± 21.8 .070    
% Protein 16 ± 3.0 16 ± 2.6 16 ± 3.4 .824    
% Carbohydrates 54 ± 7.2 56 ± 6.5 53 ± 7.8 .111    
% Fat 29 ± 6.4 27 ± 5.1 30± 7.6 .021**    
Protein (g) 85 ± 38 81 ± 25 90 ± 49 .240 46   
Protein(g)/kg/day 2 ± 0.7 1 ± 0.4 2 ± 0.9 .296    
Carbohydrates (g) 296 ± 119 288 ± 90 305 ± 147 .507 130   
Fat (g) 71 ± 38 63 ± 20 80 ± 50 .016**    
Dietary Fiber (g) 29 ± 14 28 ± 12 30 ± 16 .560 25   
Vitamin A (RE) 2164 ± 1105 1948 ± 869 2424 ± 1300 .046** 700   
Vitamin B6 (mg) 3 ± 1.1 3 ± 0.8 3 ± 1.3 .222 1.3   
Vitamin B12 (mg) 8 ± 6.4 7 ± 3.5 9 ± 8.7 .123 2.4   
Vitamin C (mg) 195 ± 90 197 ± 91 192 ± 91 .812 75   
Vitamin D (mg) 5 ± 4.5 5 ± 3.1 5 ± 5.9 .475 5 .450  
Vitamin E (mg) 14 ± 8 13 ± 6 16 ± 10 .065 15 .015**  
Vitamin K (mg) 52 ± 31 45 ± 24 60 ± 35 .019** 90   <.005**
Magnesium (mg) 427 ± 178 401 ± 128 458 ± 222 .136 320   
Calcium (mg) 1149 ± 661 1111 ± 520 1194 ± 803 .567 1000   
Iron (mg) 21 ± 12 20 ± 8 23 ± 15 .134 18   
Zinc (mg) 14 ± 7 13 ± 4 15 ± 9 .105 8   
Copper (mg) 2 ± 0.7 2 ± 0.6 2 ± 0.8 .095 0.9   
  1. Values are presented as mean ± SD.
  2. Goal values are taken from the most recent US DRI for healthy females age 19 – 50.
  3. Estimated energy requirement in kilocalories taken from most recent DRI for very active female, 30 years of age, 1.65 m in height with BMI between 18.5 – 24.99 kg/m2.
  4. One-sided p values are indicated in italics.
  5. ** One-way ANOVA significant at p < 0.05