Skip to main content

Table 3 Relative percentage of congruent answers by 'maintaining strength' and 'enhancing endurance' as rationales for supplement use and supplement used by all athletes who reported the use of nutritional supplements (n = 520)

From: Performance enhancement with supplements: incongruence between rationale and practice

   Maintain strength Enhance endurance
   Yes   No   Yes   No  
Creatine Yes 124 62.6% 64 19.9%     
  No 74 37.4% 258 80.1%     
   198 100.0% 322 100.0%     
Iron Yes      33 31.7% 122 29.3%
  No      71 68.3% 294 70.7%
       104 100.0% 416 100.0%
Ginseng Yes         
  No         
Whey protein Yes 111 56.1% 48 14.9%     
  No 87 43.9% 274 85.1%     
   198 100.0% 322 100.0%     
Caffeine Yes      49 47.1% 75 18.0%
  No      55 52.9% 341 82.0%
       104 100.0% 416 100.0%
Vitamin C Yes         
  No