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Table 5 General Immune Markers

From: Effects of ingesting protein with various forms of carbohydrate following resistance-exercise on substrate availability and markers of anabolism, catabolism, and immunity

Variable Group Pre Post 30 60 90 120  
WBC 109/L C x 5.36 6.44 5.85 6.57 7.23 7.67 G p = 0.79
   ± .41 .84 .64 .62 .70 .68 T p = 0.00
  S x 5.46 5.91 5.56 7.13 7.63 7.96 G × T p = 0.82
   ± .56 .53 .56 .85 .98 .93  
  H x 5.95 6.20 6.07 7.80 8.33 9.08  
   ± .49 .61 .54 .93 1.03 1.28  
  M x 5.29 6.20 5.15 6.40 7.48 7.79  
   ± .24 .56 .35 .59 .80 .90  
Neutrophils 109/L C x 3.16 4.57 4.38 5.03 5.68 5.91 G p = 0.57
   ± 0.33 0.85 0.59 0.58 0.68 0.67 T p = 0.00
  S x 2.95 3.22 3.91 5.28 5.57 6.64 G × T p = 0.49
   ± 0.41 0.39 0.50 0.82 0.81 0.81  
  H x 2.93 3.97 4.31 5.97 6.47 7.00  
   ± 0.37 0.44 0.56 0.92 0.97 1.19  
  M x 2.85 3.41 3.26 4.35 5.26 5.07  
   ± 0.26 0.46 0.30 0.59 0.80 0.41  
Total Neutrophil/Lymphocyte Ratio C x 1.99 3.79 4.07 4.63 5.86 5.08 G p = 0.24
   ± 0.23 0.98 0.58 0.47 1.06 0.67 T p = 0.00
  S x 1.48 1.55 4.58 4.25 3.70 5.12 G × T p = 0.45
   ± 0.15 0.19 1.40 0.89 0.72 1.35  
  H x 1.68 2.15 3.56 5.63 6.02 5.95  
   ± 0.22 0.21 0.75 1.57 1.54 1.47  
  M x 1.64 1.86 2.12 3.38 3.64 3.64  
   ± 0.20 0.36 0.28 0.51 0.49 0.47  
  1. x Represents mean value
  2. ± Represents standard error of mean
  3. * p < 0.05 versus control