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Table 2 Anabolic and Catabolic Hormones

From: Effects of ingesting protein with various forms of carbohydrate following resistance-exercise on substrate availability and markers of anabolism, catabolism, and immunity

Variable Group Pre Post 30 60 90 120  
Testosterone (nmol/L) C x 5.31 5.14 3.65 3.64 3.55 2.60 G p = 0.57
   ± 1.37 1.38 .88 1.03 1.00 .93 T p = 0.02
  S x 3.69 6.11 3.11 3.51 3.53 3.31 G × T p = 0.55
   ± 1.78 3.29 1.38 2.13 2.08 1.77  
  H x 3.02 2.73 2.41 2.33 2.35 2.50  
   ± 0.54 0.44 0.36 0.32 0.31 0.25  
  M x 2.27 2.62 2.09 2.04 1.82 1.51  
   ± 0.67 0.85 0.71 0.60 0.51 0.40  
Cortisol C x 517 556 687 441 577 482 G p = 0.23
(nmol/L)   ± 89 115 96 85 44 136 T p = 0.00
  S x 448 397 526 569 489 294 G × T p = 0.71
   ± 117 95 97 160 186 36  
  H x 542 416 477 349 333 257  
   ± 89 56 88 58 59 39  
  M x 508 395 399 406 311 265  
   ± 96 77 59 42 44 36  
T/C Ratio C x 2.4 2.4 1.9 2.6 2.3 3.3 G p = 0.10
   ± 0.8 0.9 0.7 1.3 0.9 1.2 T p = 0.09
  S x 1.8 2.7 2.0 1.7 2.0 1.9 G × T p = 0.19
   ± 0.5 1.0 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.5  
  H x 2.3 2.8 1.9 2.6 2.3 3.3  
   ± 0.8 1.2 0.5 0.9 0.8 1.1  
  M x 4.3 5.8 3.3 4.5 6.7 5.7  
   ± 1.1 2.4 0.8 1.8 2.4 1.4  
  1. x Represents mean value
  2. ± Represents standard error of mean