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Table 3 Three-day Total Dietary Intake of Subjects

From: Effects of a Water-Soluble Cinnamon Extract on Body Composition and Features of the Metabolic Syndrome in Pre-Diabetic Men and Women

  Placebo (pre) Placebo (post) Cinnulin (pre) Cinnulin (post) P-value (GxT)
Total energy (kcals/d) 1706 ± 427 1613 ± 364 1741 ± 551 1982 ± 530 0.07
Carbohydrate (%) 46 ± 13 46 ± 11 43 ± 12 43 ± 10 0.94
Fat (%) 33 ± 9 33 ± 8 33 ± 10 35 ± 7 0.70
Protein (%) 20 ± 11 20 ± 7 23 ± 7 21 ± 7 0.91
Fluid Intake (oz) 20 ± 10 25 ± 8 24 ± 9 25 ± 9 0.39
Saturated fat (g/d) 18 ± 10 18 ± 11 16 ± 7 23 ± 13 0.37
Cholesterol (mg/d) 331 ± 239 280 ± 174 258 ± 137 275 ± 155 0.26
Sodium (mg/d) 3402 ± 1488 4160 ± 2098 4426 ± 2351 4419 ± 1943 0.58
Fiber (g/d) 14 ± 7 17 ± 7 16 ± 8 20 ± 11 0.65
  1. Data are expressed as group means ± SD. P-values were calculated from repeated measures (group × time) ANOVA. No significant differences were noted between groups over time, although there was a trend (P < 0.07) for subjects in the Cinnulin group to ingest more total energy. To convert from kcals into Joules (kJ) multiply by 4186; to convert from ounces (oz) into milliliters multiply by 29.573.