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Table 5 MICRONUTRIENT DEFICITS

From: Food Alone May Not Provide Sufficient Micronutrients for Preventing Deficiency

MICRONUTRIENT MICRONUTRIENT RDA % MEN # DEFICIT WOMEN # DEFICIT
IODINE * 100% 10 10
VITAMIN D 95% 9 10
ZINC 80% 8 8
VITAMIN E 65% 8 5
CALORIES 50% 6 4
CALCIUM 50% 5 5
SELENIUM 45% 7 2
VITAMIN K 45% 5 4
MAGNESIUM 40% 6 2
VITAMIN B-6 30% 5 1
VITAMIN B-2 25% 3 2
VITAMIN A 25% 3 2
VITAMIN B-1 20% 2 2
VITAMIN B-12 20% 1 3
POTASSIUM 20% 2 2
FOLATE 15% 2 1
VITAMIN B-3 10% 2 0
PHOSPHORUS 10% 0 2
  1. * Iodine is present in sea vegetation, but not in most foods unless iodized salt is added. An iodine intake of less than 20 micrograms (ug) per day is considered severe deficiency; 20–50 micrograms (ug) per day.