Skip to main content

Table 4 Influence of test beverages on overall gastrointestinal distress responses

From: Assessing a commercially available sports drink on exogenous carbohydrate oxidation, fluid delivery and sustained exercise performance

Symptom P MD MD + F
Urge to urinate 33 (26.2)* 17 (13.5) 19 (15.1)
Bloating severity 2 (1.6) 28 (22.2)* 6 (4.8)
Belching severity 2 (1.6) 24 (19.0)* 5 (4.0)
Nausea 1 (0.8) 8 (6.3)* 0 (0.0)
Stomach problems 1 (0.8) 7 (5.6)* 0 (0.0)
Stomach cramps 0 (0.0) 1 (0.8) 0 (0.0)
Headaches 1 (0.8) 2 (1.6) 0 (0.0)
Intestinal cramps 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
Stomach burning 1 (0.8) 2 (1.6) 0 (0.0)
Flatulence severity 0 (0.0) 2 (1.6) 0 (0.0)
Left & right side aches 3 (2.4) 0 (0.0) 1 (0.8)
Dizziness 8 (6.3)* 1 (0.8) 2 (1.6)
Urge to defecate 0 (0.0) 4 (3.2)* 0 (0.0)
Urge to vomit 0 (0.0) 4 (3.2)* 0 (0.0)
  1. Table 4 shows the overall data for responses to the gastrointestinal distress questionnaire, with particular attention given to responses rated moderate to severe. Data are presented as total number of responses (rated moderate to severe) for both oxidation and performance trials. Numbers in brackets represent data expressed as a percentage of maximum number of responses. P, Placebo; MD, maltodextrin beverage; MD + F, maltodextrin-fructose beverage. *denotes a significant difference to other test conditions (P < 0.05).