Skip to main content

Table 3 Changes of the main outcomes during and at the end of the experimental procedure

From: Effects of soluble milk protein or casein supplementation on muscle fatigue following resistance training program: a randomized, double-blind, and placebo-controlled study

  PRE MID POST POST + 5
Muscle endurance (number of repetitions)*
SMP 15.5 ± 3.9 17.3 ± 4.7 19.2 ± 7.1 25.2 ± 13.7
MC 16.8 ± 3.4 19.3 ± 4.6 21.3 ± 6.0 25.8 ± 9.5
PLA 16.5 ± 4.0 18.5 ± 6.0 20.5 ± 7.0 25.2 ± 10.4
1-RM (kg)*
SMP 83.5 ± 16.0 91.3 ± 13.7 96.1 ± 12.4 -
MC 86.6 ± 17.7 98.9 ± 18.2 98.9 ± 17.4 -
PLA 87.7 ± 16.7 100.3 ± 13.3 104.8 ± 11.3 -
Muscle thickness (mm)*
SMP 21.5 ± 3.5 - 22.2 ± 3.5 -
MC 21.8 ± 3.1 - 22.1 ± 3.1 -
PLA 21.0 ± 3.2 - 22.0 ± 3.6 -
% body fat
SMP 8.6 ± 2.2 8.5 ± 2.5 8.9 ± 2.6 -
MC 9.4 ± 4.3 9.8 ± 5.1 10.0 ± 4.6 -
PLA 9.9 ± 4.6 9.9 ± 4.5 10.3 ± 5.0 -
% body fat free mass
SMP 48.2 ± 2.0 47.9 ± 2.0 47.9 ± 2.3 -
MC 47.1 ± 3.1 46.9 ± 3.5 46.7 ± 3.2 -
PLA 46.9 ± 3.4 47.4 ± 4.0 46.7 ± 3.4 -
Body mass (kg)
SMP 70.8 ± 8.7 72.5 ± 8.1 72.2 ± 8.9 -
MC 77.7 ± 14.7 79.0 ± 15.1 79.2 ± 15.3 -
PLA 76.6 ± 13.3 77.7 ± 12.7 78.3 ± 13.2 -
  1. Data are mean values ± SD. PLA: placebo; MC: micellar casein; SMP: soluble milk protein; BMI: body mass index; 1-RM: maximum load lifted by leg extension. *: significant effect (P < 0.05).