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Table 3 Energy and macronutrient intake on feed days during the 12-week study

From: Effect of exercising while fasting on eating behaviors and food intake

  Intervention Week 1 Week 12 P-value1 P-value2 Change3 P-value4
Energy (kcal) Combination 1656 ± 265 1358 ± 123 0.278 0.854 −298 ± 260 0.897
  ADF 1681 ± 155 1457 ± 204 0.228   −224 ± 173  
  Exercise 1623 ± 145 1553 ± 135 0.739   −70 ± 203  
  Control 1607 ± 307 1416 ± 207 0.360   191 ± 190  
Protein (g) Combination 70 ± 21 63 ± 14 0.903 0.958 −7 ± 23 0.581
  ADF 65 ± 10 70 ± 10 0.115   5 ±10  
  Exercise 60 ± 5 62 ± 8 0.467   −2 ± 8  
  Control 71 ± 9 68 ± 5 0.817   3 ± 12  
Carbohydrate (g) Combination 199 ± 35 164 ± 19 0.547 0.801 −35 ± 38 0.928
  ADF 200 ± 19 161 ± 19 0.155   −39 ± 24  
  Exercise 202 ± 25 177 ± 20 0.470   −25 ± 33  
  Control 182 ± 34 140 ± 31 0.21   −42 ± 28  
Fat (g) Combination 64 ± 10 50 ± 7 0.454 0.793 −14 ± 11 0.983
  ADF 69 ± 8 59 ± 13 0.327   −10 ± 9  
  Exercise 64 ± 11 66 ± 6 0.717   2 ± 13  
  Control 66 ± 16 65 ± 11 0.780   −1 ± 12  
Saturated fat (g) Combination 23 ± 3 19 ± 2 0.412 0.599 −4 ± 3 0.815
  ADF 28 ± 2 26 ± 5 0.831   −2 ± 4  
  Exercise 23 ± 3 28 ± 3 0.700   5 ± 5  
  Control 27 ± 7 26 ± 4 0.682   −1 ± 5  
Monounsaturated fat (g) Combination 25 ± 3 20 ± 3 0.375 0.975 −5 ± 4 0.716
  ADF 24 ± 3 21 ± 6 0.969   −3 ± 5  
  Exercise 24 ± 4 22 ± 2 0.118   −2 ± 3  
  Control 23 ± 5 24 ± 4 0.915   1 ± 5  
Polyunsaturated fat (g) Combination 16 ± 2 11 ± 2 0.309 0.725 −5 ± 3 0.930
  ADF 17 ± 2 12 ± 2 0.452   −5 ± 3  
  Exercise 17 ± 3 16 ± 2 0.294   −1 ± 3  
  Control 16 ± 3 15 ± 3 0.926   −1 ± 4  
Fiber (g) Combination 18 ± 3 16 ± 2 0.609 0.280 −2 ± 4 0.657
  ADF 16 ± 2 11 ± 2 0.078   −5 ± 2  
  Exercise 18 ± 2 12 ± 2 0.036   −6 ± 3  
  Control 11 ± 3 10 ± 2 0.832   −1 ± 5  
Cholesterol (mg) Combination 245 ± 34 268 ± 47 0.744 0.868 23 ± 43 0.391
  ADF 329 ± 83 225 ± 58 0.225   −104 ± 79  
  Exercise 223 ± 49 227 ± 53 0.955   4 ± 69  
  Control 380 ± 73 272 ± 25 0.120   −108 ± 57  
  1. Values reported as mean ± SEM. Intention to treat analysis. ADF: Alternate day fasting.
  2. 1P-value between week 1 and week 12: Repeated-measures ANOVA.
  3. 2P-value between groups at week 12: One-way ANOVA.
  4. 3Percent change between week 1 and week 12 values.
  5. 4P-value between groups for percent change: One-way ANOVA. Means not sharing a common superscript letter are significantly different (Tukey post-hoc test).