Skip to main content

Table 3 Responses to 100-mm visual analogue scale items

From: Post-prandial carbohydrate ingestion during 1-h of moderate-intensity, intermittent cycling does not improve mood, perceived exertion, or subsequent power output in recreationally-active exercisers

  Response Anchors   
Item 0 100 Beverage Responses (mm)
1. I regularly drink sport beverages before, during or immediately after exercise.a Never Always   27.0 ± 28.5
2. Do you feel drinking this beverage during your workout improved your performance ability?b Not at all Very much W 45.1 ± 20.4
NCE 39.7 ± 24.2
CE 44.7 ± 28.6
3. How difficult was the ride compared to one of your normal workouts?b Much less difficult Much more difficult W 60.5 ± 17.1
NCE 54.9 ± 16.7
CE 55.6 ± 15.0
  1. Data are mean  ±  SD.
  2. No differences were found among beverages for item 2 and 3 (p > 0.05). W = water; NCE = flavored non-caloric electrolyte beverage; CE  =  flavored caloric electrolyte beverage.
  3. a Item completed during familiarization session after participants described their current physical activity habits.
  4. b Item completed following all exercise during treatment sessions for W, NCE, and CE.