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Table 2 Characteristics of exercise sessions by treatment

From: Post-prandial carbohydrate ingestion during 1-h of moderate-intensity, intermittent cycling does not improve mood, perceived exertion, or subsequent power output in recreationally-active exercisers

Variable W NCE CE
WBGT (°C) 25.0 ± 0.6 25.0 ± 0.5 24.8 ± 0.2
Average HR (beats/min) 145 ± 4 146 ± 4 146 ± 4
Blood Glucose pre-submaximal exercise (mmol/L) 5.6 ± 1.6 5.3 ± 1.6 5.5 ± 1.3
Blood Glucose at end of submaximal exercise (mmol/L) 4.9 ± 1.5† 4.6 ± 1.2 6.1 ± 1.7
POMS Fatigue pre-submaximal exercise‡ 1.3 ± 2.0 1.9 ± 2.7 2.0 ± 2.1
POMS Fatigue post-submaximal exercise 4.0 ± 3.3 4.1 ± 2.9 3.4 ± 2.4
POMS Vigor pre-submaximal exercise 6.5 ± 4.7 6.2 ± 4.6 5.8 ± 4.9
POMS Vigor post-submaximal exercise 6.4 ± 5.0 6.5 ± 5.0 6.3 ± 4.8
  1. Data are mean  ±  SD.
  2. †  =  significantly different (p  <  0.05) from CE. ‡  =  beverage by time interaction (p  =  0.04). WBGT  =  wet bulb globe temperature; W  =  water; NCE  =  flavored non-caloric electrolyte beverage; CE  =  flavored caloric electrolyte beverage.