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Table 2 Food intake before (Pre) and after 12 weeks (Post) of either creatine or placebo supplementation in resistance-trained individuals consuming a high-protein diet

From: Does long-term creatine supplementation impair kidney function in resistance-trained individuals consuming a high-protein diet?

  Creatine (n = 12) Placebo (n = 14)  
Variable Pre Post Pre Post P (group x time interaction)
Protein (g) 154 (45) 154 (39) 133 (36) 120 (39) 0.54
Carbohydrate (g) 283 (70) 322 (96) 271 (92) 272 (124) 0.49
Lipid (g) 84 (23) 91 (27) 98 (31) 86 (31) 0.23
Protein (%) 25 (5) 23 (5) 22 (4) 22 (5) 0.65
Carbohydrate (%) 45 (6) 47 (9) 43 (10) 47 (6) 0.58
Lipid (%) 30 (6) 30 (8) 35 (8) 32 (6) 0.48
Total Energy (Kcal) 2506 (530) 2725 (522) 2518 (544) 2368 (781) 0.29
Protein/ body weight (g/Kg) 1.9 (0.5) 1.9 (0.5) 1.7 (0.5) 1.6 (0.5) 0.53
  1. Data expressed as mean (standard deviation). There were no significant differences between groups at baseline. No significant within- or between-group differences were noted.