Skip to main content

Table 4 Body mass and body composition before and at the end of Ramadan, M ± SD

From: Effect of fed- versus fasted state resistance training during Ramadan on body composition and selected metabolic parameters in bodybuilders

Group     Ramadan effect Group effect Ramadan × group effect
     F(1,14) P-value η p 2 F(1,14) P-value η p 2 F(1,14) P-value η p 2
Body mass (kg) FAST 79.9 ± 5.5 79.2 ± 4.6 1.06 0.32 0.07 0.043 0.83 0.003 0.72 0.41 0.05
FED 79.1 ± 3.2 79 ± 3.7
BF% FAST 14.6 ± 2.1 13.9 ± 1.9 10.92 0.005 0.043 1.21 0.29 0.08 0.85 0.37 0.05
FED 13.6 ± 1.3 13.2 ± 1
LBM (kg) FAST 68.2 ± 3.5 68 ± 3.1 0.023 0.88 0.01 0.062 0.81 0.004 0.31 0.59 0.02
  FED 68.3 ± 2.6 68.6 ± 2.9          
  1. Note: FAST = subjects training in a fasted state; FED = subjects training in a fed state. BF% = Body fat percentage; LBM = lean body mass; η p 2 = effect sizes. Before Ramadan (Bef-R) = 2 days before beginning the fast; end of Ramadan (End-R) = 29 days after beginning the fast.