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Table 1 Anthropometric and physiological characteristics of subjects

From: Cashew apple juice supplementation enhanced fat utilization during high-intensity exercise in trained and untrained men

  Untrained group (n = 10) Trained group (n = 10) P value
Age (yr) 20 ± 2.7 21 ± 1 NS
Body mass (kg) 67.7 ± 14.2 67.2 ± 10.2 NS
Height (m) 1.69 ± 0.1 1.72 ± 0.1 NS
BMI (kg/m2) 23 ± 3.0 22.7 ± 2.4 NS
Waist circumference (cm) 75.3 ± 10.5 75.5 ± 4.7 NS
Hip circumference (cm) 94.9 ± 8.1 93.3 ± 4.9 NS
W/H ratio 0.79 ± 0.1 0.81 ± 0.3 NS
Body fat (%) 21.9 ± 8.1 16.2 ± 6.6 NS
Fat mass (kg) 14.3 ± 5.6 13.8 ± 8.3 NS
Fat free mass (kg) 51.4 ± 5.8 53.4 ± 5 NS
V O 2 , peak (ml/kgBM/min) 31.2 ± 8.5 45.6 ± 4.1 0.000
V O 2 , max (ml/kgBM/min)
V O 2 , peak (ml/kgFFM/min) 41.2 ± 9.3 58.5 ± 4.9 0.000
V O 2 , max (ml/kgFFM/min)
Work ratemax (watts) 136 ± 14.3 178 ± 13.9 0.000
  1. Values are mean ± SD, n = 10 in each group. BM, body mass; BMI, body mass index; W/H, waist to hip circumference ratio; V O 2 , peak , peak oxygen consumption; V O 2 , max , maximal oxygen consumption; FFM, fat free mass; Work ratemax, maximal work rate.
  2. P value, significantly different from the untrained group; NS, not significant.