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Table 1 Some energy dependent processes associated with protein metabolism

From: Is a Calorie Really a Calorie? Metabolic Advantage of Low-Carbohydrate Diets

Processes Description
Protein Turnover Formation of initiation complexes*; peptide bond synthesis
RNA Turnover Ribosomal RNA; transfer RNA; pre-messenger RNA splicing; and messenger RNA
Regulatory Processes Reversible phosphorylation, GTP-GDP exchange proteins, ion pumps and channels, second messengers
Nitrogen Metabolism Glutamine/glutamate cycle; glucose/alanine cycle; urea synthesis
  1. * Adapted from reference 1